श्रीमद्भागवत – चौथा स्कंध – सोलहवां अध्याय Shrimad Bhagwat – Canto Four – Chapter Sixteen

श्रीमद्भागवत – चौथा स्कंध – सोलहवां अध्याय Shrimad Bhagwat – Canto Four – Chapter Sixteen

श्रीमद्भागवत महापुराण: चतुर्थ स्कन्ध: षोडश अध्यायः

श्लोक 1-27

वन्दीजन द्वारा महाराज पृथु की स्तुति

श्रीमैत्रेय जी कहते हैं- महाराज पृथु ने जब इस प्रकार कहा, तब उनके वचनामृत का आस्वादन करके सूत आदि गायक लोग बड़े प्रसन्न हुए। फिर वे मुनियों की प्रेरणा से उनकी इस प्रकार स्तुति करने लगे। ‘आप साक्षात् देवप्रवर श्रीनारायण ही हैं’, जो अपनी माया से अवतीर्ण हुए हैं; हम आपकी महिमा का वर्णन करने में समर्थ नहीं हैं। आपने जन्म तो राजा वेन के मृतक शरीर से लिया है, किन्तु आपके पौरुषों का वर्णन करने में साक्षात् ब्रह्मादि की बुद्धि भी चकरा जाती है। तथापि आपके कथामृत के आस्वादन में आदर-बुद्धि रखकर मुनियों के उपदेश के अनुसार उन्हीं की प्रेरणा से हम आपके परम प्रशंसनीय कर्मों का कुछ विस्तार करना चाहते हैं, आप साक्षात् श्रीहरि के कलावतार हैं और आपकी कीर्ति बड़ी उदार है।

‘ये धर्मधारियों में श्रेष्ठ महाराज पृथु लोक को धर्म में प्रवृत्त करके धर्ममर्यादा की रक्षा करेंगे तथा उसके विरोधियों को दण्ड देंगे। ये अकेले ही समय-समय पर प्रजा के पालन, पोषण और अनुरंजन आदि कार्य के अनुसार अपने शरीर में भिन्न-भिन्न लोकपालों की मूर्ति को धारण करेंगे तथा यज्ञ आदि के प्रचार द्वरा स्वर्गलोक और वृष्ठि की व्यवस्था द्वारा भूलोक- दोनों का ही हित साधन करेंगे। ये सूर्य के समान अलौकिक, महिमान्वित, प्रतापवान् और समदर्शी होंगे। जिस प्रकार सूर्य देवता आठ महीने तपते रहकर जल खींचते हैं और वर्षा-ऋतु में उसे उड़ेल देते हैं, उसी प्रकार ये कर आदि के द्वारा कभी धन-संचय करेंगे और कभी उसका प्रजा के हित के लिये व्यय कर डालेंगे। ये बड़े दयालु होंगे। यदि कभी कोई दीनपुरुष इनके मस्तक पर पैर भी रख देगा, तो भी ये पृथ्वी के समान उसके इस अनुचित व्यवहार को सदा सहन करेंगे।

कभी वर्षा न होगी और प्रजा के प्राण संकट में पड़ जायेंगे, तो ये राजवेषधारी श्रीहरि इन्द्र की भाँति जल बरसाकर अनायास ही उसकी रक्षा कर लेंगे। ये अपने अमृतमय मुखचन्द्र की मनोहर मुस्कान और प्रेमभरी चितवन से सम्पूर्ण लोकों को आनन्दमग्न कर देंगे। इनकी गति को कोई समझ न सकेगा, इनके कार्य भी गुप्त होंगे तथा उन्हें सम्पन्न करने का ढंग भी बहुत गम्भीर होगा। इनका धन सदा सुरक्षित रहेगा। ये अनन्त माहात्म्य और गुणों के एकमात्र आश्रय होंगे। इस प्रकार मनस्वी पृथु साक्षात् वरुण के ही समान होंगे।

‘महाराज पृथु वेनरूप अरणि के मन्थन से प्रकट हुए अग्नि के समान हैं। शत्रुओं के लिये ये अत्यन्त दुर्धर्ष और दुःसह होंगे। ये उनके समीप रहने पर भी, सेनादि से सुरक्षित रहने के कारण, बहुत दूर रहने वाले-से होंगे। शत्रु कभी इन्हें हरा न सकेंगे। जिस प्रकार प्राणियों के भीतर रहने वाला प्राणरूप सूत्रात्मा शरीर के भीतर-बाहर के समस्त व्यापारों को देखते रहने पर भी उदासीन रहता है, उसी प्रकार ये गुप्तचरों के द्वारा प्राणियों के गुप्त और प्रकट सभी प्रकार के व्यापार देखते हुए भी अपनी निन्दा और स्तुति आदि के प्रति उदासीनवत् रहेंगे। ये धर्ममार्ग में स्थित रहकर अपने शत्रु के पुत्र को भी, दण्डनीय न होने पर, कोई न दण्ड ने देंगे और दण्डनीय होने पर तो अपने पुत्र को भी दण्ड देंगे। भगवान् सूर्य मानसोत्तर पर्वत तक जितने प्रदेश को अपनी किरणों से प्रकाशित करते हैं, उस सम्पूर्ण क्षेत्र में इनका निष्कण्टक राज्य रहेगा। ये अपने कार्यों से सब लोकों को सुख पहुँचावेंगे- उनका रंजन करेंगे; इससे उन मनोरंजनात्मक व्यापारों के कारण प्रजा इन्हें ‘राजा’ कहेगी। ये बड़े दृशसंकल्प, सत्यप्रतिज्ञ, ब्राह्मण भक्त, वृद्धों की सेवा करने वाले, शरणागतवत्सल, सब प्राणियों को मान देने वाले और दीनों पर दया करने वाले होंगे।

ये परस्त्री में माता के समान भक्ति रखेंगे, पत्नी को अपने आधे अंग के समान मानेंगे, प्रजा पर पिता के समान प्रेम रखेंगे और और ब्रह्मवादियों के सेवक होंगे। दूसरे प्राणी इन्हें उतना ही चाहेंगे, जितना अपने शरीर को। ये सुहृदों के आनन्द को बढ़ायेंगे। ये सर्वदा वैराग्यवान् पुरुषों से विशेष प्रेम करेंगे और दुष्टों को दण्डपाणि यमराज के समान सदा दण्ड देने के लिये उद्यत रहेंगे। ‘तीनों गुणों के अधिष्ठाता और निर्विकार साक्षात् श्रीनारायण ने ही इनके रूप में अपने अंश से अवतार लिया है, जिनमें पण्डित लोग अविद्यावश प्रतीत होने वाले इस नानात्व को मिथ्या ही समझते हैं। ये अद्वितीय वीर और एकच्छत्र सम्राट् होकर अकेले ही उदयाचलपर्यन्त समस्त भूमण्डल की रक्षा करेंगे तथा अपने जयशील रथ पर चढ़कर धनुष हाथ में लिये सूर्य के समान सर्वत्र प्रदक्षिणा करेंगे। उस समय जहाँ-तहाँ सभी लोकपाल और पृथ्वीपाल इन्हें भेंटे समर्पण करेंगे, उनकी स्त्रियाँ इनका गुणगान करेंगी और इन आदिराज को साक्षात् श्रीहरि ही समझेंगी। ये प्रजापालक राजाधिराज होकर प्रजा के जीवन-निर्वाह के लिये गोरूपधारिणी पृथ्वी का दोहन करेंगे और इन्द्र के समान अपने धनुष के कोनों से बातों-की-बात में पर्वतों को तोड़-फोड़कर पृथ्वी को समतल कर देंगे। रणभूमि में कोई भी इनका वेग नहीं सह सकेगा। जिस समय वे जंगल में पूँछ उठाकर विचरते हुए सिंह के समान अपने ‘आजगव’ धनुष का टंकार करते हुए भूमण्डल में विचरेंगे, उस समय सभी दुष्टजन इधर-उधर छिप जायेंगे। ये सरस्वती के उद्गम स्थान पर सौ अश्वमेध यज्ञ करेंगे। तब अन्तिम यज्ञानुष्ठान के समय इन्द्र इनके घोड़े को हरकर ले जायेंगे। अपने महल के बगीचे में इनकी एक बार भगवान् सनत्कुमार से भेंट होगी। अकेले उनकी भक्तिपूर्वक सेवा करके ये उस निर्मल ज्ञान को प्राप्त करेंगे, जिससे परब्रह्म की प्राप्ति होती है। इस प्रकार जब इनके पराक्रम जनता के सामने आ जायेंगे, अब ये परमपराक्रमी महाराज जहाँ-तहाँ अपने चरित्र की ही चर्चा सुनेंगे। इनकी आज्ञा का विरोध कोई भी न कर सकेगा तथा ये सारी दिशाओं को जीतकर और अपने तेज से प्रजा के क्लेशरूप काँटे को निकालकर सम्पूर्ण भूमण्डल के शासक होंगे। उस समय देवता और असुर भी इनके विपुल प्रभाव का वर्णन करेंगे’।

Chapter Sixteen: Praise of King Prthu by the Professional Reciters

1. The great sage Maitreya continued: While King Prthu thus spoke, the humility of his nectarean
speeches pleased the reciters very much. Then again they continued to praise the King highly with exalted prayers, as they had been instructed by the great sages.

2. The reciters continued: Dear King, you are a direct incarnation of the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, Lord Visnu, and by His causeless mercy you have descended on this earth. Therefore it is not possible for us to actually glorify your exalted activities. Although you have appeared through the body of King Vena, even great orators and speakers like Lord Brahma and other demigods cannot exactly describe the glorious activities of Your Lordship.

3. Although we are unable to glorify you adequately, we nonetheless have a transcendental taste for glorifying your activities. We shall try to glorify you according to the instructions received from authoritative sages and scholars. Whatever we speak, however, is always inadequate and very insignificant. Dear King, because you are a direct incarnation of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, all your activities are liberal and ever laudable.

4. This King, Maharaja Prthu, is the best amongst those who are following religious principles. As such, he will engage everyone in the pursuit of religious principles and give those principles all protection. He will also be a great chastiser to the irreligious and atheistic.

5. This King alone, in his own body, will be able in due course of time to maintain all living entities and keep them in a pleasant condition by manifesting himself as different demigods to perform various departmental activities. Thus he will maintain the upper planetary system by inducing the populace to perform Vedic sacrifices. In due course of time he will also maintain this earthly planet by discharging
proper rainfall.

6. This King Prthu will be as powerful as the sun-god, and just as the sun-god equally distributes his sunshine to everyone, King Prthu will distribute his mercy equally. Similarly, just as the sun-god evaporates water for eight months and, during the rainy season, returns it profusely, this King will also exact taxes from the citizens and return these monies in times of need.

7. This King Prthu will be very, very kind to all citizens. Even though a poor person may trample over the King’s head by violating the rules and regulations, the King, out of his causeless mercy, will be forgetful and forgiving. As a protector of the world, he will be as tolerant as the earth itself.

8. When there is no rainfall and the citizens are in great danger due to the scarcity of water, this royal Personality of Godhead will be able to supply rains exactly like the heavenly King Indra. Thus he will very easily be able to protect the citizens from drought.

9. This King, Prthu Maharaja, by virtue of his affectionate glances and beautiful moonlike face, which is always smiling with great affection for the citizens, will enhance everyone’s peaceful life.

10. The reciters continued: No one will be able to understand the policies the King will follow. His
activities will also be very confidential, and it will not be possible for anyone to know how he will make every activity successful. His treasury will always remain unknown to everyone. He will be the reservoir of unlimited glories and good qualities, and his position will be maintained and covered just as Varuna, the deity of the seas, is covered all around by water.

11. King Prthu was born of the dead body of King Vena as fire is produced from arani wood. Thus King Prthu will always remain just like fire, and his enemies will not be able to approach him. Indeed, he will be unbearable to his enemies, for although staying very near him, they will never be able to approach him but will have to remain as if far away. No one will be able to overcome the strength of King Prthu.

12. King Prthu will be able to see all the internal and external activities of every one of his citizens. Still no one will be able to know his system of espionage, and he himself will remain neutral regarding all matters of glorification or vilification paid to him. He will be exactly like air, the life force within the body, which is exhibited internally and externally but is always neutral to all affairs.

13. Since this King will always remain on the path of piety, he will be neutral to both his son and the son of his enemy. If the son of his enemy is not punishable, he will not punish him, but if his own son is punishable, he will immediately punish him.

14. Just as the sun-god expands his shining rays up to the Arctic region without impedance, the
influence of King Prthu will cover all tracts of land up to the Arctic region and will remain undisturbed as long as he lives.

15. This King will please everyone by his practical activities, and all of his citizens will remain very
satisfied. Because of this the citizens will take great satisfaction in accepting him as their ruling king.

16. The King will be firmly determined and always situated in truth. He will be a lover of the brahminical culture and will render all service to old men and give shelter to all surrendered souls. Giving respect to all, he will always be merciful to the poor and innocent.

17. The King will respect all women as if they were his own mother, and he will treat his own wife as the other half of his body. He will be just like an affectionate father to his citizens, and he will treat himself as the most obedient servant of the devotees, who always preach the glories of the Lord.

18. The King will consider all embodied living entities as dear as his own self, and he will always be increasing the pleasures of his friends. He will intimately associate with liberated persons, and he will be a chastising hand to all impious persons.

19. This King is the master of the three worlds, and he is directly empowered by the Supreme
Personality of Godhead. He is without change, and he is an incarnation of the Supreme known as a saktyavesa-avatara. Being a liberated soul and completely learned, he sees all material varieties as meaningless because their basic principle is nescience.

20. This King, being uniquely powerful and heroic, will have no competitor. He will travel around the globe on his victorious chariot, holding his invincible bow in his hand and appearing exactly like the sun, which rotates in its own orbit from the south.

21. When the King travels all over the world, other kings, as well as the demigods, will offer him all kinds of presentations. Their queens will also consider him the original king, who carries in His hands the emblems of club and disc, and will sing of his fame, for he will be as reputable as the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

22. This King, this protector of the citizens, is an extraordinary king and is equal to the Prajapati
demigods. For the living facility of all citizens, he will milk the earth, which is like a cow. Not only that, but he will level the surface of the earth with the pointed ends of his bow, breaking all the hills exactly as King Indra, the heavenly King, breaks mountains with his powerful thunderbolt.

23. When the lion travels in the forest with its tail turned upward, all menial animals hide themselves. Similarly, when King Prthu will travel over his kingdom and vibrate the string of his bow, which is made of the horns of goats and bulls and is irresistible in battle, all demoniac rogues and thieves will hide themselves in all directions.

24. At the source of the River Sarasvati, this King will perform one hundred sacrifices known as
asvamedha. In the course of the last sacrifice, the heavenly King Indra will steal the sacrificial horse.

25. This King Prthu will meet Sanat-kumara, one of the four Kumaras, in the garden of his palace
compound. The King will worship him with devotion and will be fortunate to receive instructions by which one can enjoy transcendental bliss.

26. In this way when the chivalrous activities of King Prthu come to be known to the people in general, King Prthu will always hear about himself and his uniquely powerful activities.

27. No one will be able to disobey the orders of Prthu Maharaja. After conquering the world, he will completely eradicate the threefold miseries of the citizens. Then he will be recognized all over the world.  At that time both the suras and the asuras will undoubtedly glorify his magnanimous activities.

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